By using the modalities mentioned above and several other treatment techniques, we aim to relieve pain and help our patients regain full functional movement and strength. Physiotherapists have a large knowledge base of treatment techniques and exercise programmes. Some of these will be dealt with in greater detail in the pages following. A few of these treatments may not be part of some physiotherapy clinics’ treatment modalities, however your physiotherapist can refer you to someone who can help you if a specific type of treatment not on offer with them is recommended for your recovery.
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In this section
Exercise is essential to recovery from sports injuries, following surgery, after an acute trauma, in the management of acute and chronic low back pain, neck pain and headaches and in the treatment of arthritis and osteoporosis.
Ice and heat therapy
Ice therapy (cryotherapy) is the use of ice in the treatment of acute and chronic injuries.
Interferential therapy is a type of TENS (Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation) which has two alternating currents that are applied to the skin.
When a physiotherapist manipulates a joint, it means we take the joint to its end of range and then we perform a quick thrust movement to which takes the joint past its normal range of movement.
Joint mobilisation is a “hands on” physiotherapy technique commonly used in a clinical setting to improve the range of movement of a joint in order to lessen stiffness and pain.
Lumbar stabilisation involves strengthening your core stabilising muscles to protect the spine from injury and prevent low back pain.
Massage therapy (Soft tissue therapy)
Massage therapy, which physiotherapists commonly refer to as soft tissue therapy, is a popular treatment choice in many clinical settings.
Muscle Energy Technique (MET)
Muscle energy techniques are osteopathic techniques used by physiotherapists to assess and correct asymmetry and dysfunction in the body.
Pilates exercises have been simplified and broken into stages and have become a major tool used by physiotherapists to treat shoulder, spine and hip injuries.
Athletes regularly perform exercises to maintain or improve strength.
An ultrasound machine, which is very commonly used in physiotherapy, works by using high frequency sound waves (that can’t be heard by the human ear) to effectively treat deep tissue injuries.
Laser therapy is a non-invasive therapy that makes use of intense beams of light of specific wavelengths to help reduce pain related to your injury.
It is an advanced form of spinal traction mainly used to treat herniated or bulging discs. Effectively treating low back, neck and radiating leg and arm pain. Spinal Decompression Therapy involves stretching the spine, using a traction table with the goal of relieving back pain and/or leg pain.
It is a specialized area of physiotherapy for the management of neuro-musculo-skeletal conditions, based on clinical reasoning, using highly specific treatment approaches including gentle, hands-on techniques and therapeutic exercise.
Physiotherapy use variety of Modalities to help treat their patients which can help strengthen, relax, and heal muscles like Hot packs, Cold packs, Ultrasound, TENS, Electrical Stimulation, Laser therapy etc.,
Taping is the application of a thin, stretchy, cotton-based therapeutic tape that can benefit a wide variety of injuries and inflammatory conditions. It is almost identical to human skin in both thickness and elasticity, which allows it to be worn without binding, constricting or restriction of movement.